Scientific Classification :

Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Genus: Betta
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Anabantiformes
Family: Osphronemidae
Species: B. splendens

Binomial Name :

Betta splendens

Betta Fish

Betta fish, scientifically known as Betta splendens, are one of the most popular and beautiful freshwater fish species kept in home aquariums around the world. Betta fish also called as Siamese fighting fish, they are renowned for their striking appearance and vibrant colours. They typically have elongated bodies with colourful fins that come in a variety of shapes, including veil, crown, half-moon, delta, and more. Betta fish exhibit an array of colours, including red, blue, green, purple, white, and even metallic shades.


Betta fish originate from the shallow waters of Southeast Asia, primarily Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Malaysia. They are commonly found in rice paddies, shallow ponds, and slow-moving streams.
betta fish 07

History: Where do betta fish come from?

Siamese fighting fish are endemic to the central plain of Thailand, where they were first domesticated at least 1,000 years ago, among the longest of any fish. They were initially bred for aggression and subject to gambling matches akin to cockfighting. Bettas became known outside Thailand through King Rama(1788–1851), who is said to have given some to Theodore Canton, a Danish physician, zoologist, and botanist. They first appeared in the West in the late 19th century, and within decades became popular as ornamental fish. long history of selective breeding has produced a wide variety of coloration and finnage, earning it the moniker, “designer fish of the aquatic world”.
betta fish 05
betta fish 06

Best environment for betta fish

  • The best environment for betta fish is a well-maintained aquarium with a minimum size of 5 gallons (19 liters) to provide ample space for swimming and exploration.
  • The tank should be equipped with a gentle filtration system to maintain water quality and a heater to keep the temperature between 75-82°F (24-28°C).
  • Bettas prefer slightly acidic to neutral water with a pH level between 6.5 and 7.5.
  • Decorate the tank with live or silk plants, caves, and driftwood to provide hiding spots and enrichment.
  • Ensure the tank has a secure lid to prevent jumping, as bettas are known to leap out of open aquariums.
  • Regular water changes of 20-30% weekly are essential to remove waste and maintain optimal water parameters, fostering a healthy and thriving environment for betta fish.

Worst environment for betta fish

  • The worst environment for betta fish would be a small, unfiltered bowl or vase with stagnant water, insufficient space for swimming, and inadequate oxygenation.
  • Placing bettas in tiny containers without proper filtration can quickly lead to poor water quality, high levels of ammonia and nitrites, and a lack of oxygen, which can stress and harm the fish.
  • Additionally, extreme temperatures, such as cold drafts or direct sunlight, can cause temperature fluctuations that are harmful to bettas.
  • Lack of hiding places, stimulation, and social isolation in such environments can lead to behavioral issues and overall poor health.
  • Inadequate care, such as irregular feeding and infrequent water changes, exacerbates these problems, resulting in a shortened lifespan and compromised well-being for betta fish.


In conclusion, betta fish are fascinating creatures cherished for their striking beauty, unique behaviors, and relatively straightforward care requirements. Whether admired for their vibrant colors or admired for their captivating personalities, bettas continue to be a beloved addition to freshwater aquariums around the world.

Average Price :

Local Betta₹ 70 per piece
Imported Betta₹ 200 per piece

Reach Out To Us

Do you want to reach out for more information or see how we can help you
Reach out to us by clicking on the button below :


Book Your Appointment

Get 10% Off On Your First Service